Legislative Process

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Article I Section I of the United States Constitution states that, "All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."

Are you looking for more information about the legislative process? This page will put you in touch with resources that can help answer your questions about the legislative process.

Our Branches of Government
The U.S. government is made up of three individual branches—the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Learn more about the branches of government by visiting this link to the U.S. House of Representatives’ webpage.

The Role of the House of Representatives
The legislative branch, or Congress, is comprised of two chambers—the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. Members of the House of Representatives are elected for two-year terms, and the number of voting representatives is a reflection of the 50 states and their populations. Learn more about the House of Representatives and its role in Congress by following this link to the U.S. House of Representatives’ webpage.

How a Bill Becomes a Law

One of the primary functions of a Member of Congress is to introduce bills that represent his or her home state and/or district. You can learn more about how a bill becomes a law by visiting this webpage provided by the U.S. House of Representatives.

The House Committee Process 

Members in the House of Representatives serve on committees that are responsible for deliberating bills and holding hearings on issues that are relevant to the committee’s jurisdiction. A full list of the House Committees is provided on the U.S. House of Representatives’ webpage, which can be accessed by clicking this link.

The U.S. Code: A Compilation of Our Laws

After a bill goes through the legislative process, it must then be signed into law by the President. The Office of the Law Revision Counsel compiles and publishes all bills that become law, known as the United States Code. The U.S. Code can be accessed and searched by following this link.


Additional Reading and Resources

  • "Enactment of a Law," a report courtesy of the Library of Congress & written by Robert B. Dove, Parliamentarian U.S. Senate

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